The Truth About 
Those Black Tongues

Does the black spot on your Labrador's tongue mean he's really a Chow mix? That mixed breed puppy in the shelter with a partially black tongue -- is that a sure sign he's part Chow?  The answer to both questions is:   No!  

The Chow Chow's blue-black tongue is one of the breed's most well known physical characteristics. It's also the most misunderstood. 

The Chow is one of the most ancient breeds and is the ancestor of many breeds of today. The orgin of the Chow's black tongue is a mystery; we don't know how or why he came to have it.  

We do know that the Chow is not the only breed with a blue-black tongue. The Chinese Shar-Pei shares this trait as well.  A few other animals have black tongues, too:  the giraffe, polar bear, and several breeds of cattle including the Jersey. 

We also know that blue-black spots on tongues are very common in dogs - more than 30 pure breeds are known  to have members with spotted tongues. 

Spots on tongues are simply deposits of extra pigment, like birthmarks and freckles on people.  Dogs often have spots of dark pigment on their skin, too, hiding under their coats.  These spots can be large or small, many or few.  

If a Chow's tongue has a pink spot on it, does that mean it's not purebred?  No. Chow puppies' tongues are pink at birth. They darken to blue-black by 8-10 weeks of age. Some tongues don't  cover completely and they may have small spots or splashes of pink. Elderly Chows and Chows with the dilute coat colors of cinnamon and blue sometimes lose tongue pigment as they age and develop pink spots. 

What if the dog looks like a Chow but has a completely pink or mostly pink tongue?

 Knowledgeable Chowists agree that such dogs are not purebred Chows and might not have any Chow parentage at all. The Chow is a member of the spitz family, a large group of breeds that includes the  Samoyed, Siberian Husky, Malamute, Akita, Shiba Inu,  Pomeranian, Norwegian Elkhound, Keeshond, etc. They all share basic physical characteristics:  a similar body structure, over-the-back tail carriage, upright triangular ears, and a dense offstanding coat.  A Chow-looking dog with a pink tongue is more likely to be a mix of one of the other spitz-type breeds.

 

 


 

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Golden Retriever
Is this a Chow mix?

No, it's an AKC show quality Golden Retriever awaiting his turn to compete at a Wisconsin dog show.  

Breeds known to have members with 
spotted tongues:

Airedale
Akita
Alaskan Malamute
Australian Cattle Dog
Australian Shepherd
Belgian Sheepdog,
Belgian Tervuren, 
Belgian Malinois
Bichon Frise
Bouvier de Flandres
Bull Mastiff
Cairn Terrier
Chinese Shar-Pei
Collie
Cocker Spaniel
Dalmatian
Doberman Pinscher
English Setter
Eurasier
Fila Brasileiro
Flat-coated Retriever
German Shepherd
Golden Retriever
Gordon Setter
Great Pyrenees
Irish Setter
Kai Ken
Keeshond
Kerry Blue Terrier
Korean Jindo
Labrador Retriever
Maltese
Mastiff
Mountain Cur
Newfoundland
Pomeranian
Pug
Rhodesian Ridgeback
Rottweiler
Shiba Inu
Siberian Husky
Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier
Thai Ridgeback
Tibetan Mastiff

 

 

 

This article was written by Kathy Welsh, Anna Wallace, and Vicki DeGruy
with input from knowledgeable fanciers of all the breeds listed. 

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